Voyage 16494, Peniel (1727)
Ship, nation, owners Voyage identification number 16494
Voyage in 1999 CD-ROM Yes
Vessel name Peniel
Flag Great Britain
Flag* Great Britain
Place constructed Bristol
Year constructed 1718
Place registered
Year registered 1727
Tonnage 100
Standardized tonnage* 182
Guns mounted 8
Vessel owners Becher, Michael*
Voyage Outcome Particular outcome of voyage Voyage completed as intended
Outcome of voyage for slaves* Slaves disembarked in Americas
Outcome of voyage if ship captured* Not captured
Outcome of voyage for owner* Delivered slaves for original owners
African resistance
Voyage Itinerary Place where voyage began* Bristol
First place of slave purchase
Second place of slave purchase
Third place of slave purchase
Principal place of slave purchase* Africa., port unspecified
Places of call before Atlantic crossing
First place of slave landing Jamaica, port unspecified
Second place of slave landing
Third place of slave landing
Principal place of slave landing* Jamaica, port unspecified
Place where voyage ended Bristol
Region where voyage began* England
First region of slave purchase
Second region of slave purchase
Third region of slave purchase
Principal region of slave purchase* Other Africa
First region of slave landing Jamaica
Second region of slave landing
Third region of slave landing
Principal region of slave landing* Jamaica
Region where voyage ended England
Voyage Dates Year arrived with slaves* 1727
Date voyage began 1727-??-??
Date trade began in Africa
Date vessel departed Africa
Date vessel arrived with slaves 1727-12-30
Date vessel departed for homeport
Date voyage completed 1728-05-13
Voyage length, homeport to slaves landing (days)*
Middle passage (days)*
Captain and Crew Captain's name Crichton, James
Crew at voyage outset
Crew at first landing of slaves 26
Crew deaths during voyage
Slave (numbers) Number of slaves intended at first place of purchase
Slaves carried from first port of purchase
Slaves carried from second port of purchase
Slaves carried from third port of purchase
Total slaves embarked
Total slaves embarked* 271
Number of slaves arriving at first place of landing
Number of slaves disembarked at first place of landing
Number of slaves disembarked at second place of landing
Number of slaves disembarked at third place of landing
Total slaves disembarked* 217
Slave (characteristics) Percentage men*
Percentage women*
Percentage boys*
Percentage girls*
Percentage male*
Percentage children*
Sterling cash price in Jamaica*
Slave deaths during middle passage*
Mortality rate*
Source Sources Richardson,I:

Richardson, David, Bristol, Africa and the Eighteenth Century Slave Trade to America: Volume 1, The Years of Expansion, 1698-1729 (Bristol, 1986); Volume 2, The Years of Ascendancy, 1730-1745 (Bristol, 1987); Volume 3, The Years of Decline, 1746-1769 (Bristol, 1991); Volume 4, The Final Years, 1770-1807 (Bristol, 1997)

DJ,28.04.20.: Daily Journal
DC,28.05.16.: Daily Courant (London)
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